THE FIRST CRUSADE

John and co-host Sean Fox talk about the origins of the first crusade.  There are lots of things most people don’t know or understand about the underlying reasons of why and what actually took place.

Sean and John discuss mainly the first crusade while also touching on a few events later.

The first of the Crusades began in 1095, when armies of Christians from Western Europe responded to Pope Urban II’s plea to go to war against Muslim forces in the Holy Land.  After the First Crusade succeeded with the capture of Jerusalem in 1099, the invading Christians set up several Latin Christian states, even as Muslims in the region vowed to wage holy war (jihad) to regain control over the region.

The First Crusade was followed by the Second to the Ninth Crusades. It was also the first major step towards reopening international trade in the West since the fall of the Western Roman Empire. Due to the First Crusade being largely concerned with Jerusalem, a city which had not been under Christian dominion for 461 years, and that the crusader army, on seizure of lands, had refused to honor a brokered promise before the seizure to return gained lands to the control of the Byzantine Empire, the status of the First Crusade as defensive or aggressive in nature remains unanswered and controversial. The majority view is that it had elements of both in its nature.

http://historyofthecrusades.webs.com/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nlE536EM4eg  3 hour Full Version of The Crusades Crescent & the Cross Doc.

http://www.history.com/topics/crusades

 

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